The Region of South Bohemia has the lowest density of population in the whole of the Czech Republic. At the end of the year 2002 there were more than 625.1 thousand people there, i.e. 62 inhabitants per 1 square kilometre. Out of seven South-Bohemian districts, the District of České Budějovice has the highest population density; almost one quarter (96 000 people) of the region´s inhabitants live there.
From other big towns we can name the town of Tábor (36.5 thousand inhabitants), Písek (29.8 thousand inhabitants), Strakonice (23.5 thousand inhabitants), and Jindřichův Hradec (22.8 thousand inhabitants). More than one third of all South-Bohemians live in these towns. On the other hand, the smallest municipalities having less than 200 inhabitants represent 38.8% of the total number of South-Bohemian municipalities, however, only 4.2% of the total number of the region´s inhabitants live there. The hamlet of Vlkov is the smallest locality in the South-Bohemian Region as well as in the whole of the Czech Republic. It has only 20 inhabitants and lies in the District of České Budějovice. There are 623 municipalities with almost 2 thousand settlements.
The region´s population is characterised by a rather younger average age (it is 39.0 years) compared to the rest of the republic. Also the death rate has been lower in the long term (10.0 deaths per 1000 inhabitants) and, on the contrary, the natality has been higher (9.2 newborns per 1 000 inhabitants). The two districts bordering with Austria - i.e. the districts of Český Krumlov and Prachatice - are significantly distinct from the demografic structure of the region owing to their varied national groups. The average age is younger here, the birth rates are the highest and the death rates are the lowest in comparison with other town districts. The population of Strakonice and Písek Districts has been constantly decreasing recently. On the contrary, the Districts of České Budějovice and Český Krumlov have registered an increse in the number of their inhabitants.
According to the results of the population, housing and flat census of 1st March 2001, out of the total number of people of/or older than 15 years, there are 7.8% of people with university education (it was 6.3% in the year 1991) and 28.4% of people with completed secondary or higher education (it was 6.3% in 1991). Only the capital of the Czech Republic - Prague, the Region of South Moravia and the Region of Olomouc have more people with university education than the Region of South Bohemia. Only the capital of Prague and the Region of Hradec Kralové have higher rates of people with secondary or higher education. In the population census, 34.7% of people registered themselves as believers in God, which is a number slightly higher from the national average.
The region participates in creating only 5.4% of the gross domestic product which, however, amounts to 87.8% of the national average when recalculated per 1 inhabitant. This puts the region in 4th place in the whole of the Czech Republic (after the capital of Prague, the Region of Plzeň, and the Region of South Moravia).
In the field of agriculture, with regards to the production of vegetables the growing of cereals, oil plants and fodder plants as well as potato production is very significant. With regard to livestock production, cattle and pig breeding is most represented. Approximately 11% of the agricultural production of the whole Czech Republic is produced here. Fish farming has had a long tradition in the region. The total area covered by ponds where fish are bred amounts to approx. 25 000 ha. Half of the fish production the Czech Republic is realised from these ponds; a significant part of the national production of water poultry is also situated here.
Industrial production is concentrated mainly in the České Budějovice urban agglomeration; rather significant share of industry is also reported for the Tábor and Strakonice Districts. However, the Region does not rank among key industrial areas - its 2001 share in sales of industrial enterprises accounted for 5.1% of the CR's total. Manufacturing (mainly manufacture of food products and beverages, means of transport, machinery and equipment, and of textile and textile products) prevails over the other industries. Activities in construction are focusing on new construction, modernisation and reconstruction in the Region, accounting for 4.4% of the CR's total construction output.
By the end of 2001 there were nearly 136 thousand companies, organizations and enterprises recorded in the statistic register of economic subjects. The majority of them were formed by entrepreneurs - sole traders not recorded in the business register (98 thousand economic subjects) and individual farmers (8.6 thousand economic subjects). In 2002 material as well as non-material investments in the total of 13.6 billion Czech crowns were realised by investors based in the region (3.5% from the Czech Republic). The construction of an atomic plant in Temelin together with the supporting events accompanying it represented the most significant investment.
If the region's economy is to develop successfully, it is important to create accommodating opportunities for the region's inhabitants. According to the results of the census from the 1st of March 2001, there were almost 148 thousand houses, 111.5 thousand of which were permanently occupied. As for flats, there were 279.9 thousand flats, 231.3 of which were permanently occupied. Out of the total number of the permanently occupied flats, 40% were in houses of private ownership, 25.3% were leased, 14.9% were flats of a housing cooperative and 8.6% were of private ownership. New housing constructions declined in the first half of the 1990's, however, since 1995 the situation has gradually improved; in the year 2002 1 900 new flats were finished and 188 flats were modernised. With regard to the traffic in the region, especially road transport tends to be increasing. As for railway transport, there are no major railway corridors in South Bohemia; nevertheless, we can still find several important crossing stations there. From the attractions South Bohemia can offer, the remains of a horse railway (which was the first on the European continent) connecting the town of Ceske Budejovice with Linz in Upper Austria, ranks among the most interesting ones. We can also find the highest situated railway station in the Czech Republic in Kubova Huť as well as a narrow-gauge railway from Jindřichův Hradec to Obrataň in this region. The road network provides sufficient accessibility to all the individual settlements, the region's territory is not connected to the highway system in the republic though. Postal services are provided for by approximately 215 post offices, which means that almost half of all the municipalities in the region have their own post office.
The system of schools consists of 360 nurseries, 249 elementary schools, 24 grammar schools, 58 secondary technical schools, 46 secondary vocational schools and 14 higher-level schools.
Young people can also attain university education at 5 faculties of the University of South Bohemia. The Faculty of Agriculture with the economic out-station and travel trade technique out-station is located in Tábor, the Faculties of Pedagogy, Biology, Health and Social Services, and Theology are located in České Budějovice. There is also a Faculty of Management, belonging to the Economic University of Prague, located in Jindřichův Hradec. More than 6 400 students attend full-time study at these universities situated in the region. The health service is concentrated primarily in 10 hospitals with 3 847 beds, in 4 professional medical institutions, and 5 hospitals for terminal illnesses. Ambulatory treatment is provided for by more than 400 GP surgeries for adults, almost 270 paediatrician surgeries and 390 stomatologies (including the out-stations). Social services have 4 442 capacities available especially for old citizens. Cuultural facilities can be found mainly in the towns, especially in the district towns. The South-Bohemian Theatre represents one of the most well-known places of cultural interest together with the South-Bohemian Gallery of Mikoláš Aleš, the Natural Theatre with the revolving auditorium in Český Krumlov and many more. There are 14 theatres, 65 museums and monuments, 56 permanent cinemas, 99 galleries and exhibition halls, 688 public libraries and other facilities in the region. 60 sheltered as well as open stadiums, 362 gymnasiums and more than 870 playgrounds offer numerous opportunities for enjoyment sports and physical activities. There are also 13 indoor as well as 145 open-air swimming pools, 20 ice-stadiums (sheltered and open) and more than 350 other sports facilities.